Volta, Alessandro

(1745–1827)
   Born in Como (Lombardy), Alessandro Volta was the first man to invent a battery capable of storing electricity. Volta was professor of physics at the University of Pavia from 1779 to 1804 and was ennobled by Napoleon for his discoveries. Volta was responsible for a string of crucial scientific breakthroughs. In 1776, he discovered the properties of what was then called swamp gas but is today known as methane. In 1799, he invented the “voltaic pile,” or battery. Volta’s pile consisted of a number of discs of zinc and silver separated by pieces of brine-soaked cloth and arranged in a vertical column. The electric current ran for several hours from the wire joining the upper zinc disc to the silver disc below. For the first time, it was shown to be possible to have an unbroken current of electricity in a circuit. Volta communicated his success in a March 1800 letter to Joseph Banks, the president of the British Royal Society, and an article on his discovery was published in the Royal Society’s Philosophical Transactions in September 1800. Worldwide fame rapidly followed. In 1881, Volta’s research legacy in the field of electricity was honored by the decision to name the unit of measurement of electric potential the “volt” in his honor. Volta died in his native Como in 1827. For many years, he was depicted on the 10,000 lire note.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Volta, Alessandro — Volta, Alessandro, Graf, Physiker, geb. 19. (18.) Febr. 1745 in Como, gest. daselbst 5. März 1827, studierte in Como, wurde 1774 Rektor des Gymnasiums und Professor der Physik in Como, 1779 Universitätslehrer in Pavia. Mit dem von ihm erfundenen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Volta, Alessandro — • Physicist (1745 1827) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Volta, Alessandro — ► (1745 1827) Físico italiano, inventor de la pila eléctrica que lleva su nombre (1800). Napoleón le invitó a París y le nombró conde y senador y, más tarde, en 1815, el emperador austríaco Francisco I le nombró director de la Facultad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Volta, Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio — SUBJECT AREA: Electricity [br] b. 18 February 1745 Como, Italy d. 5 March 1827 Como, Italy [br] Italian physicist, discoverer of a source of continuous electric current from a pile of dissimilar metals. [br] Volta had an early command of English …   Biographical history of technology

  • Volta, Alessandro (Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio) — (18 feb. 1745, Como, Lombardía, Italia–5 mar. 1827, Como). Científico italiano. En 1775 inventó el electróforo, dispositivo usado para generar electricidad estática. Enseñó física en la Universidad de Pavía (1779–1804). Después de que Luigi… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Volta, Alessandro (Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio) — born Feb. 18, 1745, Como, Lombardy died March 5, 1827, Como Italian scientist. In 1775 he invented the electrophorus, a device used to generate static electricity. He taught physics at the University of Pavia (1779–1804). After Luigi Galvani in… …   Universalium

  • Alessandro Giuseppe Volta — Alessandro Volta Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Graf von Volta (* 18. Februar 1745 in Como, Italien; † 5. März 1827 in Camnago bei Como) war der Erfinder der Batterie. Er gilt als einer der Begründer des Zeitalters der Elektrizität. Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alessandro Volta — Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Graf von Volta (* 18. Februar 1745 in Como, Italien; † 5. März 1827 in Camnago bei Como) war ein italienischer Physiker. Er erfand die Batterie und gilt als einer der Begründer des Zeitalters der Elektrizität …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alessandro Volta —     Alessandro Volta     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alessandro Volta     Physicist, b. at Como, 18 Feb., 1745; d. there, 5 March, 1827. As his parents were not in affluent circumstances his education was looked after by ecclesiastical relatives.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Volta — ● Alessandro Volta, matemático italiano. ● Río Volta, uno de los tres grandes ríos africanos que desembocan en el Golfo de Guinea. ● Alto Volta, antiguo nombre de Burkina Faso. * * * Volta, Alessandro Volta, Alto Volta, efecto Río de África… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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